Documentation Center

  • Trial Software
  • Product Updates

ARX Estimator

Estimate parameters of ARX model from SISO data in Simulink software returning idpoly object

Library

System Identification Toolbox

Description

The ARX block uses least-squares analysis to estimate the parameters of an ARX model and returns the estimated model as an idpoly object.

For information about the default algorithm settings used for model estimation, see arxOptions.

Each estimation generates a figure with the following plots:

  • Actual (measured) output versus the simulated or predicted model output.

  • Error in simulated model, which is the difference between the measured output and the model output.

Model Definition

The ARX model is defined, as follows:

where

  • y(t) is the output at time .

  • and are the parameters to be estimated.

  • is the number of poles of the system.

  • is the number of zeros of the system.

  • is the number of input samples that occur before the inputs that affect the current output.

  • are the previous outputs on which the current output depends.

  • are the previous inputs on which the current output depends.

  • e(t) is a white-noise disturbance value.

The ARX model can also be written in a compact way using the following notation:

where

and is the backward shift operator, defined by .

The following block diagram shows the ARX model structure.

Input

The block accepts two inputs, corresponding to the measured input-output data for estimating the model.

First input: Input signal.

Second input: Output signal.

Output

The ARX Estimator block outputs a sequence of multiple models (idpoly objects), estimated at regular intervals during the simulation.

The Data window field in the block parameter dialog box specifies the number of data samples to use for estimation, as the simulation progresses.

The output format depends on whether you specify the Model Name in the block parameter dialog box.

Dialog Box

Orders of model [na nb nk]

Integers na, nb, and nk specify the number of A and B model parameters and nk is input-output delay, respectively.

How often to update model [samples]

Number of input data samples that specify the interval after which to estimate a new model.

Default: 25

Sample time

Sampling time for the model.

    Note:   If you use a fixed step-size solver, the fixed step size must be consistent with this sample time.

Length of Data window

Number of past data samples used to estimate each model. A longer data window should be used for higher-order models. Too small a value might cause poor estimation results, and too large a value leads to slower computation.

Default: 200.

Model Name

Name of the model.

Whether you specify the model name determines the output format of the resulting models, as follows:

  • If you do not specify a model name, the estimated models display in the MATLAB® Command Window in a transfer-function format.

  • If you specify a model name, the resulting models are output to the MATLAB workspace as a cell array.

Simulation/Prediction

Simulation: The algorithm uses only measured input data to simulate the response of the model.

Prediction: Specifies the forward-prediction horizon for computing the response K steps in the future, where K is 1, 5, or 10.

Examples

This example shows how you can use the ARX Estimator block in a Simulink® model.

  1. Specify the data from iddata1.mat for estimation:

    load iddata1;
    IODATA = z1;
  2. Create a new Simulink model, as follows:

    • Add the IDDATA Source block and specify IODATA in the Iddata object field of the IDDATA Source block parameters dialog box.

    • Add the ARX Estimator block to the model. Set the sample time in the block to 0.1 seconds and the simulation end time to 30 seconds.

    • Connect the Input and Output ports of the IDDATA Source block to the u and y ports of the ARX Estimator block, respectively.

  3. Run the simulation.

See Also

Related Commands

arx
idpoly

Topics in the System Identification Toolbox User's Guide

Identifying Input-Output Polynomial Models

Was this topic helpful?