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MATLAB Code Analyzer Report

Running the Code Analyzer Report

The Code Analyzer Report displays potential errors and problems, as well as opportunities for improvement in your code through messages. For example, a common message indicates that a variable foo might be unused.

To run the Code Analyzer Report:

  1. In the Current Folder browser, navigate to the folder that contains the files you want to check. To use the example shown in this documentation, lengthofline.m, you can change the current folder by running

    cd(fullfile(matlabroot,'help','techdoc','matlab_env','examples'))
  2. If you plan to modify the example, save the file to a folder for which you have write access. Then, make that folder the current MATLAB® folder. This example saves the file in C:\my_MATLAB_files.

  3. In the Current Folder browser, click , and then select Reports > Code Analyzer Report.

    The report displays in the MATLAB Web Browser, showing those files identified as having potential problems or opportunities for improvement.

  4. For each message in the report, review the suggestion and your code. Click the line number to open the file in the Editor at that line, and change the file based on the message. Use the following general advice:

  5. After modifying it, save the file. Consider saving the file to a different name if you made significant changes that might introduce errors. Then you can refer to the original file, if needed, to resolve problems with the updated file. Use the Compare button on the Editor tab to help you identify the changes you made to the file. For more information, see Comparing Text Files.

  6. Run and debug the file or files again to be sure that you have not introduced any inadvertent errors.

  7. If the report is displaying, click Rerun This Report to update the report based on the changes you made to the file. Ensure that the messages are gone, based on the changes you made to the files.

Changing Code Based on Code Analyzer Messages

For information on how to correct the potential problems presented in Code Analyzer messages, use the following resources:

  • Open the file in the Editor and click the Details button in the tooltip, as shown in the image following this list. An extended message opens. However, not all messages have extended messages.

  • Use the Help browser Search pane to find documentation about terms presented in the messages.

The following image shows a tooltip with a Details button. The orange line under the equals (=) sign indicates a tooltip displays if you hover over the equals sign. The orange highlighting indicates that an automatic fix is available.

Other Ways to Access Code Analyzer Messages

You can get Code Analyzer messages using any of the following methods. Each provides the same messages, but in a different format:

  • Access the Code Analyzer Report for a file from the Profiler detail report.

  • Run the checkcode function, which analyzes the specified file and displays messages in the Command Window.

  • Run the mlintrpt function, which runs checkcode and displays the messages in the Web Browser.

  • Use automatic code checking while you work on a file in the Editor. See Automatically Check Code in the Editor — Code Analyzer.

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