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# datevec

Convert date and time to vector of components

## Syntax

• DateVector = datevec(DateNumber) example
• DateVector = datevec(DateString)
• DateVector = datevec(DateString,formatIn) example
• DateVector = datevec(DateString,PivotYear)
• DateVector = datevec(DateString,formatIn,PivotYear) example
• [Y, M, D, H, MN, S] = datevec(___) example

## Description

example

DateVector = datevec(DateNumber) converts one or more date numbers to date vectors. datevec returns an m-by-6 matrix containing m date vectors, where m is the total number of date numbers in DateNumber.

DateVector = datevec(DateString) converts date strings to date vectors. If the date string format is known, use formatIn. Syntaxes without formatIn are significantly slower than those that include it.

example

DateVector = datevec(DateString,formatIn) uses formatIn to interpret each date string.

DateVector = datevec(DateString,PivotYear) uses PivotYear to interpret date strings that specify the year as two characters. If the date string format is known, use formatIn. Syntaxes without formatIn are significantly slower than those that include it.

example

DateVector = datevec(DateString,formatIn,PivotYear) uses formatIn to interpret each date string, and PivotYear to interpret date strings that specify the year as two characters. You can specify formatIn and PivotYear in either order.

example

[Y, M, D, H, MN, S] = datevec(___) returns the components of the date vector as individual variables Y, M, D, H, MN, and S (year, month, day, hour, minutes and seconds). datevec returns milliseconds as a fractional part of the seconds (S) output.

## Examples

expand all

### Convert Date Number to Date Vector

```format short g

n = 733779.651;
datevec(n)
```
```ans =

2009            1            6           15           37         26.4

```

### Convert Date String to Date Vector

```DateString = '28.03.2005';
formatIn = 'dd.mm.yyyy';
datevec(DateString,formatIn)
```
```ans =

2005           3          28           0           0           0

```

datevec returns a date vector for the date string with the format 'dd.mm.yyyy'.

### Convert Multiple Date Strings to Date Vectors

Pass multiple date strings in a cell array. All input date strings must use the same format.

```DateString = {'09/16/2007';'05/14/1996';'11/29/2010'};
formatIn = 'mm/dd/yyyy';
datevec(DateString,formatIn)
```
```ans =

2007           9          16           0           0           0
1996           5          14           0           0           0
2010          11          29           0           0           0

```

### Convert Date with Milliseconds to Date Vector

```datevec('11:21:02.647','HH:MM:SS.FFF')
```
```ans =

1.0e+03 *

2.0140    0.0010    0.0010    0.0110    0.0210    0.0026

```

In the output date vector, milliseconds are a fractional part of the seconds field. The date string '11:21:02.647' does not contain enough information to convert to a full date vector. The days default to 1, months default to January, and years default to the current year.

### Convert Date String to Date Vector Using Pivot Year

Convert a date string to a date vector using the default pivot year.

```DateString = '12-jun-17';
formatIn = 'dd-mmm-yy';
DateVector = datevec(DateString,formatIn)
```
```DateVector =

2017           6          12           0           0           0

```

Convert the same date string to a date vector using 1800 as the pivot year.

```DateVector = datevec(DateString,formatIn,1800)
```
```DateVector =

1817           6          12           0           0           0

```

### Assign Elements of Returned Date Vector

Convert a date string to a date vector and return the components of the date vector.

```[y, m, d, h, mn, s] = datevec('01.02.12','dd.mm.yy')
```
```y =

2012

m =

2

d =

1

h =

0

mn =

0

s =

0

```

## Input Arguments

expand all

### DateNumber — Serial date numberscalar | vector | multidimensional array

Serial date number, specified as a scalar, vector, or multidimensional array of positive double-precision numbers.

Example: 731878

Data Types: double

### DateString — Date stringsstring | character array | 1–D cell array of strings

Date strings, specified as a character array where each row corresponds to one date string, or as a one dimensional cell array of strings. All of the date strings must have the same format.

Example: '24–Oct-2003 12:45:07'

Example: ['19-Sep-2013';'20-Sep-2013';'21-Sep-2013']

Example: {'15-Oct-2010' '20-Nov-2012'}

If the date string format is known, you should also specify formatIn. If you do not specify formatIn, DateString must be in one of the following formats.

Date String Format

Example

'dd-mmm-yyyy HH:MM:SS'

01-Mar-2000 15:45:17

'dd-mmm-yyyy'

01-Mar-2000

'mm/dd/yyyy'

03/01/2000

'mm/dd/yy'

03/01/00

'mm/dd'

03/01

'mmm.dd,yyyy HH:MM:SS'

Mar.01,2000 15:45:17

'mmm.dd,yyyy'

Mar.01,2000

'yyyy-mm-dd HH:MM:SS'

2000-03-01 15:45:17

'yyyy-mm-dd'

2000-03-01

'yyyy/mm/dd'

2000/03/01

'HH:MM:SS'

15:45:17

'HH:MM:SS PM'

3:45:17 PM

'HH:MM'

15:45

'HH:MM PM'

3:45 PM

Certain date string formats might not contain enough information to convert the date string. In those cases, hours, minutes, and seconds default to 0, days default to 1, months default to January, and years default to the current year. MATLAB® considers two-character date string years (e.g., '79') to fall within the 100-year range centered around the current year.

When you do not specify formatIn, note the following:

• For the formats that specify the month as two digits (mm), the month value must not be greater than 12.

• However, for the format 'mm/dd/yy', if the first entry in the date string is greater than 12 and the second entry is less than or equal to 12, MATLAB considers the date string to be in 'yy/mm/dd' format.

### formatIn — Format of the input date stringstring

Format of the input date string, specified as a string of symbolic identifiers.

The following table shows symbolic identifiers you can use to construct the formatIn string. You can include characters such as a hyphen, space, or colon to separate the fields.

Symbolic Identifier

Description

Example

yyyy

Year in full

1990, 2002

yy

Year in two digits

90, 02

QQ

Quarter year using letter Q and one digit

Q1

mmmm

Month using full name

March, December

mmm

Month using first three letters

Mar, Dec

mm

Month in two digits

03, 12

m

Month using capitalized first letter

M, D

dddd

Day using full name

Monday, Tuesday

ddd

Day using first three letters

Mon, Tue

dd

Day in two digits

05, 20

d

Day using capitalized first letter

M, T

HH

Hour in two digits
(no leading zeros when symbolic identifier AM or PM is used)

05, 5 AM

MM

Minute in two digits

12, 02

SS

Second in two digits

07, 59

FFF

Millisecond in three digits

057

AM or PM

AM or PM inserted in date string

3:45:02 PM

The formatIn string must follow these guidelines:

• You cannot specify any field more than once. For example, you cannot use 'yy-mmm-dd-m' because it has two month identifiers. The one exception to this is that you can combine one instance of dd with one instance of any of the other day identifiers. For example, 'dddd mmm dd yyyy' is a valid input.

• When you use AM or PM, the HH field is also required.

• datevec does not accept formats that include 'QQ'

### PivotYear — Start year of 100-year date rangepresent minus 50 years (default) | integer

Start year of the 100-year date range in which a two-character year resides, specified as an integer. Use a pivot year to interpret date strings that specify the year as two characters.

If formatIn contains the time of day, the pivot year is computed from the current time of the current day, month, and year. Otherwise it is computed from midnight of the current day, month, and year.

Example: 2000

Data Types: double

## Output Arguments

expand all

### DateVector — Date vectorsvector | matrix

Date vectors, returned as an m-by-6 matrix, where each row corresponds to one date vector, and m is the total number of input date numbers or date strings.

### [Y, M, D, H, MN, S] — Components of the date vectorscalar

Components of the date vector (year, month, day, hour, minute, and second), returned as individual scalar variables. Milliseconds are a fractional part of the seconds output.

## Limitations

• When computing date vectors, MATLAB sets month values less than 1 to 1. Day values, D, less than 1 are set to the last day of the previous month minus |D|. However, if 0 ≤ DateNumber < 1, then datevec(DateNumber) returns a date vector of the form [0 0 0 H MN S], where H, MN, and S are hours, minutes, and seconds, respectively.